The legislation of the Russian Federation introduced criminal liability for voluntary surrender, as well as for looting.
In Russia, it seems, they nevertheless decided to follow in the footsteps of Stalin, who in July 1942 issued an order "On measures to strengthen discipline and order in the Red Army and prohibit unauthorized withdrawal from combat positions" (or in common parlance "Not a step back!"). This was when punishment was supposed for surrender.
Now, the State Duma deputies have decided to introduce new articles into the criminal code, including "Voluntary surrender" (Article 352.1, up to 10 years in prison) and "Looting" (Article 356.1, up to 15 years). It's a pity the Criminal Code does not specify which territory it is impossible to loot: Russian or Ukrainian. Otherwise, it is somehow hard to believe that if this amendment is adopted, the Buryats will receive a hat for screwed toilets in Bucha.
Also, according to these amendments to the law, the list of aggravating circumstances added the commission of a crime "during the period of mobilization or martial law, in wartime."
Ten years of a criminal term (increased term) in Russia can be obtained for unauthorized abandonment of a unit during mobilization and martial law (Article 337 of the Criminal Code). In addition, criminal liability is borne by citizens of the Russian Federation who are in reserve and called up for military training in case of failure to appear or desertion.
In addition, criminal liability is borne by citizens of the Russian Federation who are in reserve and called up for military training in case of failure to appear or desertion.
The new amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation also provide for punishment for failure by a subordinate to comply with an order from a superior given during a period of martial law, in wartime, or an armed conflict, as well as for refusing to take part in military or hostilities. According to Part 2.1 of Article 332 of the Criminal Code, this is punishable by imprisonment for two to three years.
Now the word for the so-called. Federation Council - whether they will accept the amendments proposed by the deputies of the State Duma.