General mobilization: with what diseases they are not taken into the army during martial law
The list of citizens not subject to conscription is defined in Art. 23 of the Law of Ukraine "On mobilization training and mobilization."
The regulation on military medical examination in the Armed Forces of Ukraine defines a list of diseases in which persons liable for military service may temporarily or not be taken into the army in peacetime and wartime.
Only those who are considered unfit for military service with an exception from military registration:
Eye diseases, namely:
- pronounced anatomical changes or defects in the position of the eyelids, orbit, and conjunctiva with significant impairment of visual or motor functions in both eyes;
- pronounced, with a progressive decrease in visual functions or frequent exacerbations in both eyes, diseases of the sclera, the cornea (scars and opacities), iris, ciliary body, lens (all types of cataracts), choroid; diseases of the vitreous body and the eyeball; optic neuritis, diseases, and lesions of the optic nerve and visual pathways;
- detachment and rupture of the retina of any etiology in both eyes;
- all forms of glaucoma in advanced and subsequent stages in both eyes;
- persistent paralysis of the motor muscles of the eyeball in the presence of diplopia;
- myopia or hyperopia of any eye in one of the meridians over 12.0 diopters or astigmatism of any kind with a refraction difference in the two principal meridians over 6.0 diopters;
- visual acuity of one eye below 0.1 or its blindness; the absence of the eyeball with visual acuity of the second eye 0.3 and below, or visual acuity of both eyes 0.2 and below.
Persons suffering from persistent, complete deafness in both ears or deaf-mutism, with pronounced vestibular-vegetative disorders, accompanied by the onset of symptoms of Meniere's disease, are not subject to mobilization. In most cases, persons with hearing impairments are unfit for military service in peacetime and limitedly fit in wartime.
Some infectious and parasitic diseases:
For example, intestinal infectious diseases, bacterial zoonoses, viral infectious diseases of the central nervous system, viral hemorrhagic fevers, contagious viral diseases with damage to the skin and mucous membranes, helminthiasis, pediculosis, and the consequences of infectious and parasitic diseases are contraindications. In wartime, such patients are considered of limited fit.
Active progressive tuberculosis with lung tissue decay is considered sufficient grounds for unfitness for military service, with an exception to the military record. While pulmonary tuberculosis without the isolation of mycobacteria and the collapse of lung tissue or clinically cured makes a person unfit for military service in peacetime but limitedly suitable for military service.
Mental and behavioral disorders:
- severe psychiatric disorders,
- disorders of the psyche and behavior due to the use of psychoactive substances (alcohol or drugs) in the dependence syndrome with sharp, persistent mental illnesses,
- schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders, affective disorders with frequently recurring phases,
- neurotic disorders with pronounced, persistent painful manifestations,
- pronounced behavioral disorders, with a tendency to repeated long-term decompensation or pathological reactions,
- profound and severe mental retardation.
- Other mental and behavioral disorders may cause unfitness for service in peacetime, but in wartime, the suitability of a conscript is assessed by the VVK.
Malignant and benign neoplasms:
- Persons with oncological diseases with an established incurable diagnosis cannot be drafted into the army.
- Persons with a history of cancer or, if the disease is in stable remission, as well as in the case of a slowly progressing pathology, are considered limitedly fit in wartime.
- Conscripts with benign neoplasms, accompanied by severe disorders in the body's functioning, cannot be mobilized into the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
- All those who have undergone surgery or radiation therapy are temporarily unfit during the war for military service.
- Benign neoplasms of all localizations with significant functional impairments are the basis for unsuitability for military service with exclusion from military registration.
Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs:
The reason for unfitness for military service with exclusion from military registration may be anemia with significant impairment of rapidly progressing functions of anemia, blood clotting disorders, hemorrhagic conditions, other blood diseases, disorders involving the immune mechanism, etc.
Diseases of the endocrine system:
Citizens who have been found to have pathologies of the endocrine system, accompanied by an eating disorder or a metabolic disorder, are considered partially eligible. In this case, it all depends on how the disease affects the overall health state.
Diseases of the nervous system:
- progressive, with significant dysfunction, inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis, encephalomyelitis, intracranial and intravertebral abscess, etc.),
- progressive systemic atrophies with significant dysfunctions, cerebral palsy, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, all types of dystonia (except vegetative-vascular), etc.
- epilepsy in the presence of frequent epileptic seizures or severe mental disorders,
- rapidly progressive, with significant dysfunction of the peripheral nervous system disease.
Diseases of the circulatory system:
- with heart failure stage II-B-III in case of non-coronary heart diseases,
- with heart failure II-B - III stage in case of coronary heart disease,
- with stage III hypertension,
- with cerebrovascular diseases (for example, cerebral infarction or stroke) with significant functional impairment,
- with diseases of the arteries, arterioles, capillaries, veins, and lymph nodes (atherosclerosis, thrombosis, varicose veins, etc.) with significant blood circulation and function disorders.
- Patients with severe persistent bronchial asthma and those with chronic diseases of the lower respiratory tract and lungs with significant impairment of the function of external respiration can be excluded from military records;
- persons suffering from chronic bronchitis and pneumonia, COPD, emphysema and bronchiectasis, pneumoconiosis, chronic pneumonitis, idiopathic fibrous form of alveolitis, pulmonary hemolysis, and aminoiomyamine are exempted from military service.
Diseases of the digestive system:
- maxillofacial anomalies (except congenital), including malocclusion with significant impairment of respiratory, olfactory, chewing, swallowing, and speech functions;
- diseases of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, appendix, intestines, and peritoneum with significant dysfunction;
- peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum with significant dysfunction;
- liver disease with significant dysfunction;
- all kinds of hernias with significant dysfunction.
Sexually transmitted diseases:
In peacetime, persons with a congenital or acquired form of syphilis are considered unsuitable for military service, but in wartime, the possibility of serving such conscripts is determined individually. Those with gonococcal, trichomonas infection and other STDs are not allowed to do in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, but only until the person has been treated.
Suppose HIV is accompanied by the development of parasitic or infectious diseases, the formation of malignant tumor proc, esses, and other specified conditions. In that case, the conscript is exempted from service in peacetime and wartime. And asymptomatic immunodeficiency virus carriers are considered limited for military service.
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue:
The only reason for exclusion from military records may be diffuse neurodermatitis (atopic dermatitis) with widespread skin lichenification, common pemphigus, and herpetiformis. Other skin diseases make a person unfit for military service in peacetime or temporarily incapable.
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue:
The only reason for exclusion from military records may be diffuse neurodermatitis (atopic dermatitis) with widespread lichenification of each cover, common pemphigus, and dermatitis herpetiformis. Other skin diseases make a person unfit for military service during a period of peace or temporarily incompetent.
Persons suffering from diseases of the musculoskeletal system are not subject to mobilization:
- severe deformity or defects of fingers, toes,
- severe form of flat feet,
- fibroblastic pathologies with impaired motor activity
- Do not mobilize people after limb amputation, as well as those with severe spine diseases.
Diseases and pathologies of the genitourinary system:
Persons with severe nephrotic syndrome, chronic interstitial nephritis, acute pyelitis, pyelonephritis, tubulointerstitial nephritis, chronic primary pyelonephritis, nephropathy, renal failure, hydronephrosis, pioneer cannot be drafted into the army. There are many more diseases in this category; if the condition does not cause severe disturbances in the system's operation, such a person may be considered partially fit for military service. VLK makes a decision depending on the disease.
Congenital anomalies (malformations), deformities and chromosomal abnormalities, injuries, poisoning, and some other consequences of external causes may be grounds for exclusion from military registration if they cause significant functional impairment.